the nationÕs highest school dropout rates
25% of Arizona students scored ÒproficientÓ or higher on the 2003 National Assessment of Educational Progress of mathematics and science
Arizona teachers do not hold a degree in the subject that they teach
teachers receive professional development that has been categorized as scattershot, seldom, and shallow
average two days per year in professional
from NCES, 2003, Killion, 2002, Sowell, 1995 .